Slovenia or officially known as the Republic of Slovenia is a nation state located in South Eastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula. It shares its borders with Hungary to the north east, Austria to the north, Croatia to the south and Italy to the west. The name Slovenia is taken from the Slovenes, the group of South Slaves who were the first inhabitants of the country. Eighty-seven percent of the total population consider themselves as Slovenes; along with them are minority groups of Hungarians and Italians who migrated after the World War 2 for economic reasons. Ljubljana is the capital and the largest city of Slovenia.

How are the climatic conditions in Slovenia?

The weather conditions in Slovenia vary from season to season due to three climatic influences that meet in the country. A harsh climate prevails in the mountainous regions of the country. The mountainous regions face moderate summers and very cold winters. The coastal regions of Slovenia have a sub-Mediterranean climate comprising of warm and sunny summers following mild winters. The lowland areas of the country have a continental climate comprising very hot summers and moderate cold winters. Slovenia has two rainy seasons. Rainfall starts in the late spring season, mostly from the month of May and June. And it starts again in the autumn during the months of October and November. Summer season starts in the mid of June and ends in September. The winter starts from the month of December and lasts until March. January is the cold month in Slovakia when the temperature level goes as low as -2°C. It snows often in winter.

How diverse is Slovenian Cuisine?

The Slovenian Cuisine is quite diversified as it has emerged from centuries of creative traditions of the Alps, the Mediterranean and Pannonian plain. Over the years, variety of new dishes have been created, despite the fact that their cuisine is borrowed from other cultures. Every region of the country has different specialties. Some of the old traditional dishes are made using flour and wheat with vegetables like cabbage and potatoes. In the Mediterranean regions one can taste one of the best dishes like ‘Kraski prsut’ which is prepared using ingredients like meat sauces, pasta and vegetable combinations. Idrija zlikrofi is a famous dish of Indrija which is made using spicy potatoes wrapped in rolled dough with herb fillings in it. Murska Sobota makes one of the best pastries known as ‘Prek Murska’ which is prepared with cottage cheese, walnuts and apples.

Prek Murska

How is the education system in Slovenia?

The basic education is free and mandatory for the Slovene nationals and the foreign residents including the children without citizenship. Education system of Slovenia is funded from the state budget. The official language speaking courses are offered to all before schooling. The basic education comprises of nine years, which is then further divided into primary education of six years and lower secondary education of three years. The secondary education includes vocational guidance, technical education and general secondary education. Faculties and art academics are part of the universities. The professionally oriented studies provide professional programs. Studies are divided at two levels: the undergraduate level where a student acquires a diploma and in post graduate level a student obtains master’s degree or a PhD. The literacy rate in the country is very high in comparison with other countries. Lifelong learning is increasing among the citizens and over the past few years, Slovenia has undergone tremendous change in the field of education with rapid institute and structural development. The University of Ljubljana is among the famous universities of Slovenia.

University of Ljubljana

Which unique animal species are found in Slovenia?

Due to the contact of geographical regions, Slovenia is distinguished by a wide variety of habitats. Slovenia is home to twenty-four thousand animal species which include marmots, Alpine ibex and chamois. The edible dormouse which is a part of Slovenian national identity is found in the beech forests. The important carnivores found in the country are Eurasian lynx, European wild cats, red fox and European jackal. Slovenia is also home to a large number of brown bears. Among the diverse cave species, the only known is ‘Olm’. A wide and unique variety of birds are also found which include Tawny Owl, Long-Eared Owl, Black and Green Woodpecker, Hawks, Short-toed Eagles and the White Stork. The Carniolan honeybee is native to Slovenia.

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