What is Peptic Ulcer?

Ulcer usually refers to lesions which are very small in size. Peptic Ulcer occurs in the gastro intestinal tract, which is part of the digestive system of the human body. A Peptic Ulcer is a hole or a lesion in the lining of the stomach and can simultaneously occur in any part of the digestive system, right from the mouth to the stomach and the first part of the small intestine known as duodenum.

What occurs when one has Peptic Ulcers?

When we eat food, it passes from the mouth where it mixes with the saliva. It then passes into the stomach through the food pipe. In the stomach certain acids, namely peptic acid, and some digestive juices are produced which aid in the digestion of food.

The acid then comes into contact with the exposed part of the lining. When there is an increase or change in the level of acids produced in the stomach and duodenum, then it leads to soreness and erosion which form ulcers and lesions.

What are the causes of Peptic Ulcers?

The causes of Peptic Ulcers include:

  • Infection by a type of bacteria called H.Plyori

  • Constant use of pain killers and aspirin

  • Alcohol consumption and smoking

What are the symptoms of Peptic Ulcers?

Symptoms of ulcers may include:

  • Burning pain in the upper or middle stomach, between meals or at night

  • Bloating, Heartburn, Vomiting

  • In severe cases, dark stools due to bleeding, vomiting blood, weight loss, severe pain in upper abdomen pain

Are ulcers serious?

Normally ulcers heal by themselves within a few days. But if the condition persists followed with other symptoms, then it should not be ignored. The doctor should be consulted to avoid further severe complications.

Untreated ulcers may sometime lead to bleeding and perforation which means ‘a hole’ in the lining or wall of the stomach.

If someone is above 50 and consumes alcohol, it can be severe.

How are ulcers diagnosed?

The doctor may ask you questions about your medical history and look for the presence of symptoms to check for ulcers. In addition, Endoscopy is performed for detailed examination. The intake of certain medications and food may also help in diagnosis of ulcers plus the incidence of alcohol consumption.

Can ulcers be cured and prevented?

There is no cure yet but Ulcers can be treated effectively with timely advice and diagnosis. Good lifestyle and healthy food habits help in preventing severity of symptoms. Avoiding of alcohol and smoking, especially if one is above the age of 50 is a preventive step. Drinking milk can give relief as well aggravate the ulcers because of its acidic nature. Avoid excess use of pain killers and aspirin. Practice moderation. Learn to de-stress and relax.

Add/View Comment
The most wonderful and precious element of universe is the human life which can only be guided by the right knowledge and right attitude. So, here is an ocean of knowledge, both in English and Hindi encompassing every detail and each facet of human life which ‘one must know’ in order to grow and attain the summits of success. A team of around 200 dedicated members is working ceaselessly to turn such a colossal dream into reality. We are confident that this portal will help bring change in people across the world.

Content creation, research, development and execution done in-house at Aatman Innovations.